Town of Sparta

304 S. Main Street
PO Box 99
Sparta, NC 28675

2020 Annual Water Report

Town of Sparta 2020 Annual Water Report

Below is a link to open the 2020 water report in PDF format.  The full report is viewable below.

2020 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

Town of Sparta

Water System Number:  01-03-010

 

 

We are pleased to present to you this year’s Annual Drinking Water Quality Report.  This report is a snapshot of last year’s water quality.  Included are details about your source(s) of water, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies.  Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.  We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources.  We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water and to providing you with this information because informed customers are our best allies.  If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water, please contact Ryan Wilmoth, Town Manager at 336-372-4257.  We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility.  If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings.  They are held at Sparta Town Hall on the 1st Tuesday of each month at 7pm.

 

What EPA Wants You to Know

 

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).

 

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).

 

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.  Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.  The Town of Sparta is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components.  When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead

 

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water include microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses; organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems; and radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

 

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health.

 

When You Turn on Your Tap, Consider the Source

 

The water that is used by this system is well water that comes from 6 drilled wells in combination with water purchased form the Virginia/Carolina Water Authority located at 1630 Moxley Ridge Rd, Independence VA 24348.

 

 

Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) Results

 

 

The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Public Water Supply (PWS) Section, Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) conducted assessments for all drinking water sources across North Carolina.  The purpose of the assessments was to determine the susceptibility of each drinking water source (well or surface water intake) to Potential Contaminant Sources (PCSs).  The results of the assessment are available in SWAP Assessment Reports that include maps, background information and a relative susceptibility rating of Higher, Moderate or Lower.

 

The relative susceptibility rating of each source for The Town of Sparta was determined by combining the contaminant rating (number and location of PCSs within the assessment area) and the inherent vulnerability rating (i.e., characteristics or existing conditions of the well or watershed and its delineated assessment area). The assessment findings are summarized in the table below:

 

Susceptibility of Sources to Potential Contaminant Sources (PCSs)

 

Source Name

Susceptibility Rating

SWAP Report Date

Well # 1

Moderate

July 2015

Well #8

Moderate

July 2015

Well #9

Moderate

July 2015

Well #10

Moderate

July 2015

Well #17

Moderate

July 2015

Well #19

Moderate

July 2015

 

 

 

The complete SWAP Assessment report for The Town of Sparta may be viewed on the Web at: https://www.ncwater.org/?page=600 Note that because SWAP results and reports are periodically updated by the PWS Section, the results available on this web site may differ from the results that were available at the time this CCR was prepared.  If you are unable to access your SWAP report on the web, you may mail a written request for a printed copy to:  Source Water Assessment Program – Report Request, 1634 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1634, or email requests to swap@ncdenr.gov.  Please indicate your system name, number, and provide your name, mailing address and phone number.  If you have any questions about the SWAP report please contact the Source Water Assessment staff by phone at 919-707-9098.

 

It is important to understand that a susceptibility rating of “higher” does not imply poor water quality, only the system’s potential to become contaminated by PCSs in the assessment area.

 

Help Protect Your Source Water

 

Protection of drinking water is everyone’s responsibility.  You can help protect your community’s drinking water source(s) in several ways: (examples:  dispose of chemicals properly; take used motor oil to a recycling center, volunteer in your community to participate in group efforts to protect your source, etc.).

 

Violations that Your Water System Received for the Report Year

 

During 2020, or during any compliance period that ended in 2020, we had no reporting violations and no MCL violations.

 

     Water Quality Data Tables of Detected Contaminants

 

We routinely monitor for over 150 contaminants in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws. The tables below list all the drinking water contaminants that we detected in the last round of sampling for each particular contaminant group.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.  Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done January 1 through December 31, (2020).  The EPA and the State allow us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants are not expected to vary significantly from year to year.  Some of the data, though representative of the water quality, is more than one year old.

 

 

Unregulated contaminants are those for which EPA has not established drinking water standards.  The purpose of unregulated contaminant monitoring is to assist EPA in determining the occurrence of unregulated contaminants in drinking water and whether future regulations are warranted.

 

Important Drinking Water Definitions:    

 

Not-Applicable (N/A) – Information not applicable/not required for that particular water system or for that particular rule.

 

Non-Detects (ND) – Laboratory analysis indicates that the contaminant is not present at the level of detection set for the particular methodology used.

 

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/L) – One part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000.

 

Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter (ug/L) – One part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

 

Parts per trillion (ppt) or Nanograms per liter (nanograms/L) – One part per trillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000,000.

 

Parts per quadrillion (ppq) or Picograms per liter (picograms/L) – One part per quadrillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000,000 years or one penny in $10,000,000,000,000.

 

Picocuries per liter (pCi/L) – Picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water.

 

Million Fibers per Liter (MFL) – Million fibers per liter is a measure of the presence of asbestos fibers that are longer than 10 micrometers.

 

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) – Nephelometric turbidity unit is a measure of the clarity of water.  Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.

 

Action Level (AL)The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. 

 

Treatment Technique (TT) A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

 

Maximum Residual Disinfection Level (MRDL) – The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

 

Maximum Residual Disinfection Level Goal (MRDLG) – The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

 

Locational Running Annual Average (LRAA) – The average of sample analytical results for samples taken at a particular monitoring location during the previous four calendar quarters under the Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule.

 

Level 1 Assessment –  A Level 1 assessment is a study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system.

 

Level 2 Assessment – A Level 2 assessment is a very detailed study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why an E. coli MCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.

 

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) – The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

 

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) – The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tables of Detected Contaminants

 

Nitrate/Nitrite Contaminants

 

Contaminant (units)

 

Sample Date

MCL Violation

Y/N

Your

Water

Range

 

Low        High

MCLG

MCL

Likely Source of Contamination

Nitrate (as Nitrogen) (ppm)

 

12-11-19

N

2.13

ND        2.13

10

10

Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits

Nitrite (as Nitrogen) (ppm)

 

N/A

N

N/A

 

N/A

 

1

1

Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits

 

Nitrate:  Nitrate in drinking water at levels above 10 ppm is a health risk for infants of less than six months of age.  High nitrate levels in drinking water can cause blue baby syndrome. Nitrate levels may rise quickly for short periods of time because of rainfall or agricultural activity. If you are caring for an infant you should ask advice from your health care provider.

 

Volatile Organic Chemical (VOC) Contaminants

 

Contaminant (units)

 

Sample Date

MCL Violation

Y/N

Your

Water

Range

 

Low        High

MCLG

MCL

Likely Source of Contamination

Toluene (ppb)

12-9-19

N

.0035

ND       .0035

0

1

Discharge from petroleum factories

 

 

Lead and Copper Contaminants

 

Contaminant (units)

 

Sample Date

Your

Water

Number of sites found above the AL

MCLG

AL

Likely Source of Contamination

Copper (ppm)

(90th percentile)

12-4-20

0.06

0

1.3

AL=1.3

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits

Lead  (ppb)

(90th percentile)

12-4-20

<0.003

0

0

AL=15

Corrosion of household plumbing systems;  erosion of natural deposits

 

Radiological Contaminants

 

Contaminant (units)

 

Sample Date

MCL Violation

Y/N

Your

Water

Range

 

Low    High

MCLG

MCL

Likely Source of Contamination

Alpha emitters (pCi/L)

12-15-16

N

N/A

ND

0

15

Erosion of natural deposits

Combined radium (pCi/L)

12-15-16

N

1.7

 

<1         1.7

0

5

Erosion of natural deposits

Uranium (pCi/L)

12-15-16

N

N/A

 

ND

0

20.1

Erosion of natural deposits

 

 

 Disinfectant Residuals Summary

 

 

 

Year Sampled

 

MRDL Violation

Y/N

Your

Water

(highest RAA)

Range

 

Low         High

MRDLG

MRDL

Likely Source of Contamination

Chlorine (ppm)

 

2019/2020

 

N

 

0.86

 

0.46           1.34

 

4

4.0

Water additive used to control microbes

 

 

During 2020, we had no positive coliform bacteria samples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stage 2 Disinfection Byproduct Compliance – Based upon Locational Running Annual Average (LRAA)

 

Disinfection Byproduct

 

Year Sampled

 

MCL  Violation

Y/N

Your

Water

(highest LRAA)

Range

 

Low           High

MCLG

MCL

Likely Source of Contamination

 

TTHM  (ppb)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N/A

80

 

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

  Location  B01

2019 & 2020

 

N

38

 

2                53

 

N/A

 

80

N/A

 

HAA5  (ppb)

 

 

 

 

 

N/A

60

 

Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

  Location  B02

2019 &

2020

 

N

42

 

0             63

 

N/A

 

60

N/A

 

For TTHM:  Some people who drink water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

 

For HAA5:  Some people who drink water containing haloacetic acids in excess of the MCL over many years may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

 

Trihalomethanes (TTHM) and Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)

 

Contaminant

Sample Date

Location

Code

Your Water

MCL

MCL

Violation

Y/N

Likely Source of Contamination      

 

Chloroform

 

12-3-20

 

467

 

0.029 mg/l

 

0.08mg/L

 

N

Byproduct of drinking

 water chlorination

 

 

Bromodichloromethane

 

12-3-20

 

467

 

0.0057mg/l

 

0.08mg/L

   

N

Byproduct of drinking

water chlorination

 

Dibromochloromethane

 

12-3-20

 

467

 

ND

 

0.08mg/L

 

N

Byproduct of drinking

water chlorination

Dichloroacetic Acid

   9-16-20

   

250

 

0.0171mg/L

 

0.06mg/L

   

N

Byproduct of drinking

water chlorination

Trichloroacetic Acid

  6-2-20

   

250

 

0.0150mg/L

 

0.06mg/L

N

Byproduct of drinking

water chlorination

 

The PWS Section requires monitoring for other misc. contaminants, some for which the EPA has set national secondary drinking water standards (SMCLs) because they may cause cosmetic effects or aesthetic effects (such as taste, odor, and/or color) in drinking water.  The contaminants with SMCLs normally do not have any health effects and normally do not affect the safety of your water.

 

 

Other Miscellaneous Water Characteristics Contaminants

 

Contaminant (units)

 

Sample Date

Your

Water

Range

Low                 High    

SMCL

Iron (ppm)

 

12-14-16

2.05

ND                2.05

0.3 mg/L

Manganese (ppm)

12-14-16

0.165

ND              0.165

0.05 mg/L

Sodium (ppm)

11-29-16

12.9

4.3                  12.9

N/A

Sulfate (ppm)

12-14-16

25.0

ND                 25.0

250 mg/L

pH

12-14-16

7.48

6.41                 7.48

6.5 to 8.5

 

 

 

Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

 

Town of Independence

(System Name)

 

INTRODUCTION

This Annual Drinking Water Quality Report for calendar year 2020, is designed to inform you about your drinking water quality.  Our goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water, and we want you to understand the efforts we make to protect your water supply.  The quality of your drinking water must meet state and federal requirements administered by the Virginia Department of Health (VDH).

 

If you have questions about this report, please contact:

 

Water Operator – Billy Cornett Phone: 276-773-3884 Fax: 276-773-3656

 

If you want additional information about any aspect of your drinking water or want to know how to participate in decisions that may affect the quality of your drinking water, please contact:

 

Town Manager – Reid Walters  Phone: 276-773-3703 Fax: 276-773-2634

 

The times and location of regularly scheduled board meetings are as follows:

 

Second Tuesday of each month at the fire hall, 329 Davis St., Independence, Virginia at 7:00pm

 

GENERAL INFORMATON

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: (i) microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; (ii) inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; (iii) pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses; (iv) organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are byproducts of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems; (v) radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

 

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).

 

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).  

 

 

SOURCES OF YOUR DRINKING WATER

The sources of your drinking water is groundwater and groundwater under the direct influence of surface water as described below:

 

Groundwater is supplied from four wells owned by the Town of Independence. Groundwater under the direct influence of surface water is treated by the Virginia Carolina Water Authority membrane plant before being delivered to the Town of Independence.

 

The Virginia Department of Health conducted a source water assessment of the Virginia Carolina Water Authority during 2019 and the Town of Independence system during 2020.  All well sources were determined to be of high susceptibility to contamination using the criteria developed by the state in its approved Source Water Assessment Program.  The assessment report consists of maps showing the source water assessment area and an inventory of known land use activities of concern.  The report is available by contacting Billy Cornett at the phone number or address given elsewhere in this drinking water quality report. A source water assessment of the Virginia Carolina Water Authority has not yet been completed.

 

DEFINITIONS

Contaminants in your drinking water are routinely monitored according to Federal and State regulations.  The table on the next page shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st 2020.  In the table and elsewhere in this report you will find many terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with.  The following definitions are provided to help you better understand these terms:

 

Maximum Contaminant Level, or MCL – the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

 

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal, or MCLG – the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

 

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal or MRDLG:  the level of drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

 

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level or MRDL:  the highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

 

Non-detects (ND) – lab analysis indicates that the contaminant is not present

 

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/l) – one part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000.

 

Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter – one part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

 

Picocuries per liter (pCi/L) – picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water.

 

Action Level (AL) – the concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

 

Treatment Technique (TT) – a required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

 

Level 1 assessment – a study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system.

 

Level 2 assessment – a very detailed study of the waterworks to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why an E. coli PMCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.

 

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) – nephelometric turbidity unit is a measure of the clarity, or cloudiness, of water. Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.  Turbidity is monitored because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system.

 

 

 

 

 

WATER QUALITY RESULTS

 

Regulated Contaminants

Contaminant  (units)

MCLG

MCL

Level Detected

Violation (Y/N)

Range

Date of Sample

Typical Source of Contamination

Nitrate (ppm)

10

10

0.7

N

0.4 – 1.8

2020

Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits

Fluoride (ppm)

4

4

0.73

N

ND – 0.73

2018 & 2020

Water additive which promotes strong teeth

Barium (ppm)

2

2

0.027

N

ND – 0.027

2018 & 2020

Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits

Alpha Emitters (pCi/l)

0

15

2.0

N

0.72 – 2.0

2014, 2018 & 2020

Erosion of Natural Deposits

Combined Radium (pCi/l)

0

5

2.03

N

0.53 – 2.03

2014, 2018 & 2020

Erosion of Natural Deposits

Chlorine (ppm)

MRDLG = 4

MRDL = 4

0.64

N

0.50 – 1.10

2020

Water additive used to control microbes

Turbidity (NTU)

NA

TT, 1 NTU Max

0.08

N

0.01 – 0.10

2020

Soil runoff

TT, ≤0.3 NTU 95% of the time

100%

N

NA

 

Lead and Copper Contaminants

Contaminant (units)

MCLG

Action Level

90th Percentile

Date of Sampling

# of Sampling Sites Exceeding Action Level

Typical Source of Contamination

Copper (ppm)

1.3

AL = 1.3

0.752

2018

0

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

 

Monitoring Results for Sodium  (Unregulated-No Limits Designated)

Level Detected (unit)

Sample Date

Typical Source

Guidance

14 (mg/L)

 

Range: 5.0 – 14

2/20/2018 & 3/3/2020

Naturally Occuring; Addition of treatment chemicals/processes

For individuals on a very low sodium diet (500 mg/day), EPA recommends that drinking-water sodium not exceed 20 mg/L.

 

Should you have a health concern, contact your health care provider.

 

The state allows us to monitor for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.  Some of our data presented in the above tables, though accurate, is more than one year old.

 

 

 

VIOLATION INFORMATION

Your water system did not have any reporting, MCL, TT, or other violations during the year.

 

MCL’s are set at very stringent levels by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  In developing the standards, EPA assumes that the average adult drinks 2 liters of water each day throughout a 70-year life span.  EPA generally sets MCLs at levels that will result in no adverse health effects for some contaminants or a one-in-ten-thousand to one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect for other contaminants.

 

ADDITIONAL HEALTH INFORMATION

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. The Town of Independence is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to two minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).